Swaging sleeves for steel cable assemblies is one of the most commonly performed rigging functions for lighter duty applications. Watch our video for everything you need to know in order to safely and correctly swage sleeves for your next application.
HOW TO SELECT SWAGE SLEEVES
When forming swaged cable assemblies, there are primarily two types of wire rope that are used: 7x7 and 7x19 strand cable.
The shape of the cable is not perfectly round and is made of several strands of wires.
Shown here is ¼” 7x19 hot dip galvanized cable.
7x19 refers to the cable having six outer strands surrounding the center core strand that counts as the seventh. Each strand is composed of 19 smaller wires.
If you look closely, you can see the v-shaped area between the strands. This is referred to as a “valley.”
Most commonly, aluminum hourglass sleeves are used with hot dip galvanized cable to form cable assemblies.
The aluminum is soft. When compressed by the swaging tool, it will be forced into the valleys of the cable, locking the aluminum sleeve into place.
How to Install Swage Sleeves
With the sleeve in the proper position, make your first swage by squeezing the swage tool handles together until the jaws are completely closed.
Swages per Sleeve
Different sized sleeves will require a different number of swages.
When making multiple swages, it is important to follow the correct sequence for each sized sleeve.
To make sure the swage crimps are done properly, use an “after swage gauge” like the Tyler Tool Go-No-Go Gauge.
Using the corresponding gauge cavity, slide the gauge over the sleeve.
If the gauge turns around the swage crimp area freely, you then know it was done properly.
When swaged properly, the strength of this termination is of 90% of the breaking strength of the cable.
Vinyl Coated Cable
For vinyl coated cable, it is never recommended to swage over the outside of the vinyl coating. Doing so will make a much weaker termination.
The same number of swage crimps are required per sleeve as are required when making an eye loop.
E-Rigging also carries zinc copper hourglass sleeves which are recommended for stainless steel cable.
It is important to note that aluminum sleeves are NOT recommended for stainless steel cable because of the possibility of the aluminum corroding when in contact with stainless steel. Over time this may cause the contact between the sleeve and cable to weaken and make an unsafe assembly.
Lifting, Overhead Lifting, and Suspending
Properly installed Aluminum and Copper duplex sleeves have been used successfully to suspend overhead equipment in various industries such as stage rigging, agriculture, marine and construction for many years. It is imperative to follow the manufacturer’s swaging procedures, and verify the swage with a Go/No-Go gauge prior to use. For critical lifting applications, it is recommended that a qualified person design, break test, and validate the assembly for the intended use. The fabrication process and margin of safety must be taken into account for the intended application. Shock loads should especially be avoided with these types of fabricated assemblies, but copper sleeves are more resistant to cable slippage than Aluminum sleeves in shock loading situations.
At E-Rigging, we carry the Tyler Tool brand of hand swagers.
There are 5 sizes. All sizes have drop forged heads, are powder coated, and have durable rubber handles.
The 14 inch tool swages 1/16th, 3/32nd and 1/8th inch sleeves.
The 24 inch tool swages 1/16th, 3/32nd, 1/8th, 5/32nd and 3/16th sleeves.
The 30 inch tool swages 5/32nd, ¼ inch and 5/16th sleeves.
The 36 inch tool only swages the 3/8ths inch sleeve.
The bench swager swages 1/16th, 3/32nd, 1/8th, 5/32nd and 3/16th sleeves, like the 24 inch tool.
We hope this may have answered some of your questions on Swaging Sleeves.
We look forward to helping you complete your next rigging project.